June 22, 2024
New Delhi
Economy Technology

What is National Savings Certificate (NSC)

What is National Savings Certificate

What is National Savings Certificate (NSC)? The Indian investor has a growing number of investment options available to them every day. New investment choices are always being developed by various banks and NBFCs (Non-Banking Financial Companies) to gain market share. Due to the abundance of options, Indian investors can select an investing strategy that best suits their financial needs and objectives.

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What Is The Meaning of The National Savings Certificate?

The National Savings Certificate (commonly referred to as NSC) is a very safe and trustworthy savings option offered by the Indian Post Office. It is very much liked by investors, as the NSC certificate has many advantages and is also considered a low-risk investment option. It is popularly known as a post office savings program with a fixed income.

This is provided by the Indian government. For the issuance of the National Savings Certificate, a person needs to go to the post office. This instrument carries minimal risk as it has the government’s backing. You can start an NSC account for as little as Rs. 1,000, and it should be in multiples of Rs. 100. There is no maximum limit on the amount that can be invested in this plan.

It takes NSC five years to reach its predetermined maturity. The National Savings Certificate Scheme has no upper limit, yet a person can only invest up to Rs. 1.5 lakh and still qualify for tax benefits. By Section 80C of the Income Tax Act, the tax advantages associated with an investment in NSC are deductible. If you invest in the National Savings Certificate Scheme, you will receive a fixed return at a fixed time. 

It is calculated at a fixed interest rate that is decided by the Government of India. 6.8% interest is charged annually on National Savings Certificates. The government does, however, periodically change this rate.

Eligibility For Investing in the NSC

The National Savings Scheme’s eligibility requirements are the same as those for savings plans. The following are the requirements for participation in the National Savings Certificate Scheme: Being an Indian citizen is a basic requirement. Adults can invest on their own or in groups of three. Guardians have the authority to make investments on behalf of underage children or a person who is mentally ill. Under the age of 10, minors may make investments in their names.

How to Invest in the NSC

Banks or the Post Office previously issued NSC certificates that were physically pre-printed. But this practice has been abandoned. Right now, certificates are issued in two different modes: If you have a savings account with a bank or post office and have access to online banking, you can purchase NSC certificates in e-mode.

Purchased from the top three private banks (ICICI, HDFC, and Axis). An investor may purchase it for himself.

Necessary Documents for Purchasing NSC

Some of the documents are necessary for applying for NSC. The papers needed to be produced while applying for an NSC-related investment are listed below. Application form for NSC. Investors are required to submit original proof of identity, such as a government-issued ID card, a passport, a permanent account number (PAN), or a driving license. Address verification documents: any one of these is acceptable: a phone bill, a bank statement, a passport, or an electricity bill.

Salient Feature of NSC

  • Investment requirements: A certificate must be purchased for at least Rs. 100. The certificate is available for purchase in the following denominations: Rs. 10,000, Rs. 5,000, Rs. 1,000, Rs. 500, and Rs. 100. Small initial investments are possible, and whenever it is practical, individuals can expand their investments.

  • Age of Maturity: Individuals have a choice between the two maturity periods of the program, which are five and ten years.

  • Rate of interest: The current rate of interest, which is compounded annually, has increased from 7% to 7.7%. However, only at maturity is interest due.

  • Nominations: The investor may add family members, including minors, as nominations. If the investor dies while the scheme is in effect, the nominee will be allowed to

  • Different NSC issues: At first, there were just two types of certificates available: the NSC IX Issue and the NSC VIII Issue. However, the NSC IX Issue was not used by the Indian government after December 2015. As a result, only one issue is available, and that is NSC Vol.

  • Purchase of NSC: Anyone can visit the post office to purchase NSC after providing the necessary documents.Transfer of certificate: The NSC may be transferred from one post office to another post office, or it can be transferred from one person to another. But the certificate remains the same. Only the name of the post office and the name of the certificate holder will change.

Benefits of Investing in NSC

Investors can enjoy several advantages with the National Savings Certificate. For an individual with a middle- or low-income, liquidity values too much. These investors have 24/7 access to their money. Investing in a National Savings Certificate has the following top benefits:

1- Guaranteed Return: By earning interest on the deposited amount, National Savings Certificate investments help produce a stable income. It means that this scheme provides a fixed rate of interest, whatever has been decided by the government at the time of investment. The National Savings Scheme guarantees a fixed return.

2- Loans against NSC: The NSC may be offered to banks as security or as collateral to obtain loans. The certificate can be transferred to the bank; however, it can only be done with permission from the relevant postmaster.

3- Tax Benefit: The tax benefits that individuals can receive on their contributions are one of the key benefits of investing in the NSC. Under this arrangement, the returns are also guaranteed. Since the NSC system can offer a consistent income after retirement, many people favor it. Tax benefits under Section 80C are possible when investing up to Rs. 1.5 lakh in an NSC subscription. The certificates’ interest is applied to the initial investment and is deductible from taxes.

4- Low-Investment Alternative: Any sum above that is a multiple of 100, and individuals can begin saving in the National Saving Certificate Scheme with as little as a one-time contribution of one thousand rupees. When it is viable, they can then increase their investment level.

5- Maturity Timeframe: The mid-term maturity period for the National Savings Certificate is five years.

6- Compounding Advantages: An investor can receive regular returns if he invests in the National Savings Certificate, as the Scheme has the provision of compound interest. The NSC’s interest is automatically compounded and reinvested each year, which is a better feature.

Wrapping up


Indian citizens looking for a stable income with monthly payments, guaranteed interest rates, and tax savings can choose NSC. It provides a secure investment choice that protects capital. Investors can optimize their returns over time by diversifying their portfolios and taking into account their unique financial needs and aspirations. Always get the advice of a financial professional before making any decisions to make sure they are in line with your unique financial situation and goals.



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